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主动化立体堆栈 Automated Storage & Retrieval System

一 主动化立体堆栈(AS/RS) Automated Storage & Retrieval System

主动化堆栈(automatic warehouse )是指由电子计较机举行管理和把持,不必要野生搬运而实现收发功课的堆栈。 

立体堆栈(stereoscopic warehouse)是指采纳高层货架以货箱或托盘贮存货色,用巷道堆垛起重机及其他机械举行功课的堆栈。

将上述两种堆栈的功课别离为主动化立体堆栈

由高层货架,巷道堆垛起重机、入出库输送机系统、主动化把持系统、计较机堆栈管理系统及其周边设备构成,可对集装单位货色实现主动化保存和计较机管理的堆栈。

1. Automated Storage & Retrieval System

Automatic warehouse refers to a warehouse that is managed and controlled by electronic computers and does not require manual handling to realize receiving and dispatching operations.

Stereoscopic warehouse refers to a warehouse that uses high-rise shelves to store goods in boxes or pallets, and uses roadway stacking cranes and other machinery to operate.

The operations of the above two warehouses are combined into an automated three-dimensional warehouse.

It is composed of high-rise shelves, roadway stacking cranes, in-outbound conveyor systems, automatic control systems, computerized warehouse management systems and peripheral equipment, which can realize automated storage and computerized management of containerized goods.

二 主动化立体堆栈的功效  

1 大批存取和保存

意大利Benetton公司建造一个30万货位的主动化立体堆栈,可能承当向环球60多个国家的5000多间连锁店配送货色的使命。

2.主动存取 

收支库和库内的搬运功课局部由计较机把持的主动化系统来实现,运转和处理速率快,大幅度进步了休息出产率。

3.调理供需——“大型蓄水池”

出产均衡、花费存在季候性:空调

出产不均衡、花费均衡持续:糊口必需品

4.货色运输本领的调理 

差别运输方法的跟尾是不均衡的。大型的集装箱船可能运输1-2万标准集装箱,拖车仅能运输2个标准箱。

2. Functions of Automated Storage & Retrieval System

(1)Bulk access and storage

The Italian company Benetton built an automated warehouse with 300,000 spaces, which can undertake the task of delivering goods to more than 5,000 chain stores in more than 60 countries around the world.

(2) Automatic access

The loading and unloading of the warehouse and the handling operations in the warehouse are all realized by the computer-controlled automatic system. The operation and processing speed are fast, and the labor productivity is greatly improved.

(3) Regulating Supply and Demand - "Large Reservoir"

Production is balanced, consumption is seasonal: air conditioning

Unbalanced production, balanced and continuous consumption: daily necessities

(4)Adjustment of cargo transport capacity

The convergence of different modes of transport is unbalanced. Large container ships can transport 10,000-20,000 TEUs, and trailers can only transport 2 TEUs.

三 次要设备 

1、高层货架:

主动化立体堆栈从建筑方式上看,可分为全体式和别离式两种。 

1)全体式是库房货架合一的堆栈结构方式;

2)别离式是库架别离的堆栈结构方式,独自安装在堆栈建筑物内。

高层货架都是主体。

2、堆垛机:

堆垛机是主动化立体堆栈中最重要的起重运输设备,是代表立体堆栈特色的标记。

次要用处是在立体堆栈通道内运转,将位于巷道口的货色存入货格大概将货格中的货色掏出,运送到巷道口。

次要有巷道式堆垛机、桥式堆垛机、堆垛叉车(无轨堆垛机)及码垛机器人。

3、周边搬运设备:

巷道堆垛机可在高层货架间的巷道内的轨道往返活动,其升降平台上的货色存取装配(货叉)可将货色存入货格或从货格中掏出。

周边搬运设备个别是店里驱动,由主动或手动把持把货色从一处移到另外一处,次要包含输送机、主动扶引小车等。感化是共同巷道堆垛机实现货色的输送、转移、分拣等功课。

主动扶引车AGV , Automatic Guided Vehicle)存在主动扶引装配,可能沿着设定的门路行驶,在车体上存在编程和泊车抉择装配、宁静维护装配以及各类物品移栽功效的搬运车辆。

这类系统存在办事面广、运输线路长、运输线路机动多变,运转用度少、系统宁静靠得住及无人操纵等特色。

3. Major Equipment

(1)High-rise shelves:

From the perspective of architectural form, automated three-dimensional warehouses can be divided into two types: integral and separated.

a. Integral is a warehouse structure that integrates warehouse shelves;

b. The separate type is a warehouse structure with separate warehouse racks and is installed separately in the warehouse building.

High-rise shelves are the main body.

(2)Stacker:

The stacker is the most important lifting and transportation equipment in the automated three-dimensional warehouse, and it is the symbol representing the characteristics of the three-dimensional warehouse.

The main purpose is to run in the three-dimensional warehouse passage, store the goods at the entrance of the roadway into the cargo compartment or take out the goods in the cargo compartment and transport them to the roadway entrance.

There are mainly roadway stackers, bridge stackers, stacking forklifts (trackless stackers) and stacking robots.

(3)Peripheral handling equipment:

The roadway stacker can move back and forth on the track in the roadway between the high-rise shelves, and the cargo access device (fork) on the lifting platform can store or take out the goods from the cargo compartment.

The peripheral handling equipment is generally driven by the store, and the goods are moved from one place to another by automatic or manual control, mainly including conveyors, automatic guided trolleys, etc. The function is to cooperate with the roadway stacker to complete the transportation, transfer, sorting and other operations of the goods.

Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV, Automatic Guided Vehicle) has an automatic guidance device that can travel along a set path, and has a programming and parking selection device, safety protection device, and various item transplanting functions on the vehicle body. 

This system has the characteristics of wide service area, long transportation line, flexible transportation line, low operating cost, safe and reliable system and unmanned operation.


四 主动化立体堆栈的合用前提 

1 货色的收支库频次较大,并且货色活动比力波动;

2 必要有较大的资金投入;

3 必要配备一支高本质的专业技术步队;

4 对货色包装请求严酷;

5 堆栈的建筑空中应有充足的承载本领。

4. Applicable Conditions of Automated Storage & Retrieval System

(1)  The frequency of goods entering and leaving the warehouse is relatively large, and the flow of goods is relatively stable;

(2)  Requires a large capital investment;

(3)  It is necessary to be equipped with a high-quality professional and technical team;

(4)  Strict requirements for the packaging of goods;

(5)  The building floor of the warehouse shall have sufficient bearing capacity.



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